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Guidelines to Authors

Penguin Watch is an e-news site hosted by the Animal Demography Unit at the University of Cape Town and produced by members of the African Penguin research and management community in southern Africa.

Penguin Watch accepts articles containing information about penguins in wild or rehabilitative settings. This includes descriptions of distribution, behaviour, breeding, foraging, food, movement, measurements, habitat and plumage. It will also accept a variety of other interesting or relevant material such as reports of projects and conferences, summaries or evaluations of recently published work, and any other interesting or relevant material. Articles about the species in captive settings will also be included, if they describe research or problems pertinent to penguins in the wild. Submissions should be reader-friendly to specialists and nonspecialists alike and accessible to readers for whom English is not the first language. Penguin Watch articles can be in either UK or US English, provided that spellings are consistent.

Editorial process: Articles are published online on an ad hoc basis, after they have been screened and accepted by the editorial advisory committee.

Photos, drawings and tables: Images can be included if they are clear and of sufficient quality. Concise, descriptive captions should be included below the image. Images should be submitted in jpg format and sent as separate files from the text. Colour and line drawings should be scanned and saved at 300 dpi and submitted as separate jpg files.

Acronyms and abbreviations should be defined in parentheses the first time they are used in the text. Thereafter the short form is sufficient. Dates in the text should be in the long form – 1 August 2010 – and time given in the 24-hr format. There should be one space between sentences, and one space between a digit and a unit term (e.g. 5 kg, 5 cm). No space before %. The ampersand "&" should be avoided. Ranges should be indicated with a hyphen, e.g. 1985-2001, except in situations such as the "2007/08 breeding season".

References are not necessary. However, if you wish to include references or a list of further reading, they should be added alphabetically at the end of the article. The following reference patterns for a journal article, a book, a book chapter and an online document are suggested:

  • Brooke RK, Prins AJ 1986. Review of alien species on South African offshore islands. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 16: 102–109.
  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ, Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. 7th edn. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.
  • Crawford RJM 1997. Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus. In: Harrison JA, Allan DG, Underhill LG, Herremans M, Tree AJ, Parker V, Brown CJ (eds). The Atlas of Southern African Birds Vol 1. Non-passerines. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg: 462–463.
  • Author AA, Author BB 2003. Title of document. [Title and details of online journal – if applicable]. Available from: full web address/URL (Accessed on dd.MM.yyyy).

All enquiries and submissions should be addressed to the Editor –